New National Education Policy 2023: The New National Education Policy is nothing short of revolutionary in the education system in India. After our education policy monotonously followed the same norms for 34 years, the Ministry of Education (formerly known as MHRD) did some serious amendments in it on 29 July 2020. This New National Education Policy was recently approved by the Indian government in 2023. So, it is only natural that the question “What this New National Education Policy actually is?” must be coming to people’s minds. Our article is here to provide them with the answer to this question. Here, we will discuss all the key aspects of the New National Education Policy. Moreover, we will thoroughly explain the NEP 5+3+3+4 structure. So, the students who want to understand this education policy by the government, kindly check out this article.
New National Education Policy 2023
When the NEP was launched in 2023, its motto was Educate, Encourage and Enlighten. The government’s purpose to launch this policy was to develop 21st-century skills in the students of India. The amendments in NEP from the previous education policy strive for Research, Innovation, and Quality. For the seamless implementation of this education policy, the government is willing to give big funds. In 2021, Nirmala Sitaraman said that funds of Rs. 50,000 crores will be given to the National Research Foundation, and Rs. 40 crore to Ekalavya Schools. More details of NEP 2023 are in the rest of the article.
राष्ट्रीय शिक्षा नीति 2023: Highlights
|Name of the Education Policy||National Education Policy 2023|
|Organized by||Ministry of Education, India|
|The motto of the Policy||Educate, Encourage and Enlighten|
|Launch Date||29 July 2020|
|Number of Editions of Education Policy in India||3 (1968, 1986, and 2020)|
|Major Amendment From the Last Education Policy||Replacement of 10+2 Structure by 5+3+3+4 Structure|
|Four Pillars of the Policy||Access, Equity, Quality, and Accountability|
|Aim of the Policy||100% Youth and Adult Literacy|
NEP 2023 Major Reforms
The following is the list of all the Majo Reforms in Education Policy according to the NEP 2023.
- There will be no substantial distinction between arts, science, academic, vocational, curricular, and subjects of extracurricular streams.
- There will be extra emphasis on Foundational Literacy and Numeracy.
- Substitution of 10+2 structure with a 5+3+3+4 model.
- No imposition of State Language on Students studying in any State.
- Permission of taking Board Exams two times for the students.
- The government will spend 6% of the Country’s GDP on Education instead of 1.7%.
- The Gender Inclusion fund will be fully established.
- The government will do extra efforts for providing proper education to the gifted children
- The UG Courses will be for 4 years.
- The minimum qualification to apply for the post the teacher will be a 4-year integrated B.Ed Course.
- There will be an introduction of a Common Entrance Test for admission to HEIs.
- The Master of Philosophy course will no longer be a part of the education system.
- The students will be able to opt for different subjects such as arts, crafts, vocation skills, and physical education in Secondary School.
- The Standards for Board Exams will be set by the body PARAKH (Performance Assessment, Review, and Analysis of Knowledge for Holistic Development)
- The government will make literature of India and other classical languages part of the syllabus in schools.
- The exams for students will be held only in classes 2nd, 5th, and 8th instead of every academic year.
What is NEP 5+3+3+4 Structure?
The most attention-grabbing amendment in the NEP 2023 is the replacement of the 10+2 structure with the 5+3+3+4 structure. The 10+2 has been prevalent in our education system for a very long time. So, a complete change in that system can be a bit perplexing for the students. Below we will try to explain the meaning of the 5+3+3+4 structure and how it is completely distinctive from the old 10+2 structure.
In the new Pedagogical and Circular Structure, the government has subdivided the schooling of students into four parts. These four parts are Secondary, Middle, Preparatory, and Foundational. These four stages of schooling will be crucial parts of educational development in students’ school lives. The subdivision of these four stages in the schooling of students will be done as follows.
- The first stage of schooling for students is the Foundation Stage. In this, the early grooming of students will be done for 5 years. These 5 years will be 3 years of Anganwadi/ Pre-Primary/ Balvatika and first and second grade.
- The second stage will be the preparatory stage. This schooling stage will last for 3 years as well. Class 3rd, 4th, and 5th will lay the foundation for the middle and secondary stages.
- The third stage of schooling will be the middle school stage. In this from Class 6th to 8th. These three years will prepare the students for the final stage of their school life i.e. Secondary Stage.
- The final stage of schooling life for students will be the secondary stage, in this instead of 2 years, the students will have a complete four years from Class 9th to 12th to complete their secondary education.
Significance of 5+3+3+4 Structure
The Government aims to emphasize more on the cognitive-development stage of the students through the 5+3+3+4 structure. Through this structure, the government will flesh out the schooling stages of students for their benefit. Contrary to the 10+2 structure, the 5+3+3+4 structure will strengthen the base of students from the foundational stage to the secondary stage. This new structure will also help the Right to Education to be fully utilized by the students. Since the structure covers ages from 3 to 18 instead of 6 to 14. Because of this, the students will be supported by the inception of their school life.
In addition to all of this, this structure will be handy in substantially increasing student retention rates. With the implementation of this structure, more students will stay in their respective schools for the entirety of their school life. In short, this new structure will be beneficial for the students in every conceivable way. Moreover, a higher literacy rate with this structure will only work for the betterment of our country’s future.
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Effect of NEP on Teachers
Not only students will be impacted by the NEP, but it will influence teachers and teaching methods as well. According to NEP 2023, in order to be a teacher in a school you need to possess a B. Ed degree. The eye-catching thing about this is that this B.Ed course must compulsorily be a 4-year integrated course. Because of this policy, only competent teachers will join the schools and this will most definitely help for molding the future of students into the right path.
NEP 2023 for UG and Higher Education
The students who will pursue UG and Higher Education will also be affected by the NEP 2023. According to the policy, the duration of a UG degree will be four years and these degrees will be multi-disciplinary, holistic, and flexible. Moreover, the students will be given multiple chances to opt for an exit from the degree course. For instance, the students will get a certificate for completing a 1-year vocational or professional field course. Whereas, they will get a diploma after 2 years and a Bachelor’s degree after 3 years.
For PG courses, the course duration will be limited to 1 to 2 years. Also, the Master of Philosophy programs will no longer be accessible. The most ambitious decision for college-level education in this policy is that the college affiliation system will be fully phased out in the coming 15 years. Moreover, there will be a new body to supervise all the higher education courses excluding the legal and medical courses.
NEP 2023 for teaching in Mother Tounge or Regional Language
One of the most important reforms in NEP is that the students will get to study in their Mother Tongue or regional language till the 5th standard. Additionally, the government has also said that they can increase this limit to the 8th standard as well. By studying in their mother tongue, the students will easily comprehend what teachers are teaching them. Also, the students will get to know more about their language through this policy as well.
National Education Policy 2023 Digital Inclusions
With the advancement of technology, digital methods of teaching have become a part of schooling recently. Let us have a look at the digital approaches the government will take toward the betterment of education through NEP 2023.
- The Government will establish a NETF (National Educational Technology Forum). This forum will work to elevate digital teaching methods in different schools by providing new and unique ideas related to it.
- In order to develop more resources for digital education, the Government will introduce a new unit that will work across the nation.
- There will be the integration of technology that will enhance the different procedures in the classroom.
NEP 2023 Implementation by Different States
Let us have a look at all of those states that implemented NEP since it was proposed.
- Karnataka became the first state that issued an order related to the implementation of NEP 2022 in 2021.
- Later on 26 August 2021 Madhya Pradesh also decided to implement New National Education Policy.
- Uttar Pradesh CM Yogi Adityanath assures that the implementation of NEP will be in phases in the state.
- Goa is set to implement NEP in the state in 2023.
- States like Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Rajasthan, and Assam are also making efforts for the implementation of New NEP.
- Meghalaya CM said that it will soon become the first state to fully implement the New National Education Policy.
|Check More Information On||New National Education Policy Details Official Pdf|
Ministry of Education India Official Portal
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New National Education Policy 2023 Related FAQs
How many National Education Policies have been launched by the Ministry of Education, India so far?
So far, only three education policies have been launched by the Ministry of Education, India. The first education policy came out in 1968, the second in 1986, and the third in 2020.
How much percent of our GDP will be spent on education after the implementation of NEP?
6% of our country’s GDP will be for education after the implementation of NEP. According to the earlier Education Policy, only 1.7% of the country’s GDP was reserved for education.
What is the main aim of the New National Education Policy 2023?
The main aim of NEP is to achieve 100% youth and adult literacy one day. All the reforms in the Education Policy will contribute towards completing this aim.