Shigella Bacteria: Recently, we have heard about the incidents that happen in Kerala in which 58 people fell ill and a young girl died by eating shwarma from a small stall. The reason behind this food poisoning case is Shigella bacteria. It is bacteria that is caused usually by eating contaminated food and water. The name of this disease is Shigellosis. This bacteria occurs in 80 million people around the world every year. A total of 7,00,000 people died every year due to this bacteria around the world. Mostly young children get affected by this bacteria. As the bacteria are infectious so one must stay safe from them. Through the article, we are going to tell you guys everything concerning the Shigella Bacteria like its outbreak, symptoms, treatment, etc.
Shigella Bacteria Outbreak
On 4th May 2022, there was a storm on social media because of the detection of the Shigella Outbreak. The outbreak happened in the Kasaragod district of Kerala. 58 people fell ill and a young girl died after consuming the food. The officials sense the symptoms and take a test on five people who were the most infected. The result was positive for 3 people out of 5. This result indicates the outbreak of the bacteria and the officials are now taking strict measures to prevent it. The authorities are making the local food stalls aware of the bacteria and how to prevent it. The officials are checking the water supply to check where it has been contaminated. All the individuals are advised to avoid eating food from outside for some time and follow all the precautions provided below. Visit the portal daily to get the latest news on the bacteria outbreak.
What are the Causes of Shigella Bacteria?
The bacteria occurs when people come in contact with contaminated food, hand, or water. This bacteria can also be contaminated via flies. This bacteria is usually found in raw vegetables and seafood. This bacteria is usually found in the feces of the infected person. If the person comes in contact with it then that person will also get infected.
Symptoms of the Bacteria
The symptoms usually start one or two days after coming in contact with the infections. Given below are the symptoms of the bacteria:
- The infected person will suffer from Diarrhea and there might be blood in the stools
- There is a high chance that the person will suffer from fever.
- Infected persons will start having cramps in their abdomen.
- The person might vomit from time to time.
- He/she will feel tired all the while even after taking a rest.
- Unnecessary rounds to the bathroom
Treatment of Shigellosis
There is no vaccine available for this disease as of now. There is no specific treatment as well. although given below is the treatment through which the bacteria get removed from the body and is seen as effective against the disease:
- Fluid is transferred in the human through the mouth.
- Antibiotics are given to the infected person if the condition is not good.
- An infected person must be given proper rest.
- ciprofloxacin and azithromycin are used commonly for the treatment.
Precautions to stay safe
Individuals must take the following precaution to stay safe from the disease:
- Wash your hands with soap or handwash properly before eating or consuming food, before and after using the washroom, while preparing food, etc.
- Try to avoid eating any types of food from stalls and the cafeteria for some time.
- Wash the vegetable and fruits properly before consuming or cooking them.
- Try to through the used diaper in the garbage box by properly closing them or with a lid.
- Avoid drinking water from ponds, lakes, and swimming pools.
Mechanism of the Bacteria
The bacteria usually enter the body through food or water. It passes through the passageway of the digestive system and goes to the small intestine. In the small intestine, the bacteria multiply themselves and reach the large intestine. In the large intestine, it injures the cell and starts affecting the body by invading epithelial cells and producing enterotoxins 1 and 2.
The symptoms last in the body for probably five to seven days.
The bowels habit takes time to get back to normal. It approximately takes 3 to 5 months to get back to normal.
The long-term effects of this bacteria are reactive sepsis, arthritis, hemolytic uremic syndrome, and seizures.
The disease that is caused by shigella bacteria is Shigellosis.
Not only human beings but primates also get affected by this bacteria.
Young children get affected by this bacteria mostly.